Hans Grünfeld is Managing Director of VEMW (Vereniging voor Energie, Milieu en Water) a Dutch association of non-domestic energy and water consumers, representing companies and organizations from industry, the financial, health care, educational and other sectors in the Netherlands, including all major energy consuming industrial companies. He is VP and member of the Board of IFIEC Europe, the European association of industrial energy consumers. Having served VEMW since 1999, Hans Grünfeld has extensive experience with the liberalization and integration of the European gas and electricity markets, as well as the decarbonisation of the energy and industry sectors. He was closely involved in the negotiations for the 2019 National Climate Agreement, as well as the 2013 Energy Agreement for Sustainable Growth. In 2021 he was a member of the Steering Committee advising the Minister of Economic Affairs and Climate on the electrification potential of the Dutch energy intensive industry and the implications for renewable power production. In 2020 he advised the Minister of Economic Affairs and Climate on the infrastructure needs for the industry transition as member of the TIKI Task Force on the infrastructure implications of the Dutch National Climate Agreement. From 2007 to 2011, he served as president of IFIEC-Europe. During his tenure, Hans Grünfeld was closely involved in the Energy Sector Inquiry, the Third Energy Package, and the start of ACER, ENTSO-E and ENTSO-G, and the EU- ETS reform for the 2013-2020 period. Before joining VEMW, Hans Grünfeld worked for McKinsey & Company and Rand Europe. Hans Grünfeld received a Ph.D. in policy analysis from Delft University of Technology and holds an MSc in International Relations from the London School of Economics and Political Science and a Masters in Political Science from the University of Amsterdam.